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Special Exhibition: Karakuri Puppets—Japan and the West 展覽策劃「機關人偶~西洋與日本~」

2020/01/06〜2020/03/01

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Special Exhibit: Karakuri Puppets

        ―Japan and the West

展覽策劃《機關人偶~西洋與日本~》

 

This year, an Edo Karakuri Doll made by Shobei Tamaya 9th was newly added to our museum’s collection. In commemoration of this, we are going to hold a special exhibition, “Karakuri Puppets—Japan and the West”.

《photo: Chahakobi Ningyo (a Tea-serving Doll) made by Shobei Tamaya》

 

六甲音樂盒博物館裡新收藏了第9代目玉屋庄兵衛的活動偶人,為了紀念他,我們將在館內舉行特別的展出活動《機關人偶~西洋與日本~》

 

茶運び(web)

□Explanations of automated puppets from the West known as “Automata” and Japanese own version of these unique dolls, known as “Karakuri”, from the Edo.

Automata were produced vigorously in the West in the late 19th century. In the Edo period, the culture of Karakuri dolls developed independently in Japan. You can enjoy watching mechanical dolls’ acrobatic movements and listening to dolls' music.
 
TermMonday, January 6th~Sunday, March 1st, 2020
※Days Closed: every Thursday
TimeIt starts at 15 past every hour. (about 15 mins.)
※”The Museum Concert” starts at 00 past every hour, and special demonstrations of Karakuri Dolls will be held in the last 15 minutes.

 

西洋的自動人偶與在日本獨自發展出的江機關一同演示與介紹

19世纪后半在西洋繁盛地被制作的活动偶人。江户时代在日本也独自地活动偶人的文化发达了。在這個企劃展當中,随著解說人員的故事, 您可以親眼欣賞到表演雜技或是演奏音樂的機關人偶等等。
 
【期从2020年1月6日星期一至2020年3月1日星期日
※ 闭馆日:每个星期四
【演奏時每整点15 分~ (約15分鐘)

 

■What is “Edo Karakuri” ?

Edo Karakuri were used to entertain people during the Edo period.

Their mechanism was developed with a strong influence by the mechanism of western clocks. It is said that the first European clock reached Japan in 1558. Japanese artisans adapted western clocks and created Wadokei, or Japanese clocks, that suited the local climate.

The technology of the spiral springs, gears, cams and speed regulators was also acquired from the mechanism of western clocks, creating the unique Japanese Karakuri Ningyo.

Even though clocks were built with metal materials, Karakuri Ningyo used wooden gears and springs made with baleen.

Since Karakuri Ningyo are made with materials that are easily affected by temperature and humidity,  they may or may not work well depending on the day. However this actually gives the audience a breath-taking sense of anticipation, and is a part of the attraction.

 

■江戶時代的機關人偶(日本機關人偶)

在江戶時代,欣賞機關人偶是人們的一種娛樂方式。人偶的機械構造深受西洋鐘錶影響,據說,第一座歐洲鐘錶運抵日本是在1558年。日本工匠改造了西洋鐘錶,發明了適應當地氣候的日式鐘錶──和時計。
源自西洋鐘錶結構的螺旋彈簧、齒輪、凸輪和調速器技術,造就了日本獨特的機關人偶。日本機關人偶使用木製齒輪和鯨鬚製成的彈簧,由於這些材料容易受到溫度和濕度影響,人偶如何表演也取決於當天的天氣,不過這反倒成為了一大特色,觀眾們都會屏氣凝神地期待人偶會有什麼樣的表演。

 

□What is “Automata” ?

In terms of numbers produced, the golden age of automata was in the 19th century.

With the addition of a music box and other features, automata became a more complete form of entertainment, with audio as well as visual elements.

The culture of amusement was rapidly evolving at this time, so figures of circus clowns, street performers, and other entertainers were widely incorporated into automata.

Artistically refined and charming girls’ dolls such as those by the bisque doll maker Jumeau were also popular amongst upper class girls and women.

 

□西洋的機關人偶

從製造數量上而言,19世紀是西洋的機關人偶的黃金時期,加上音樂盒和其他功能後,它的娛樂性變得更加完整,視效音效兼備。
該時期的娛樂文化也同時產生了劇變,馬戲團小丑和街頭藝人等造型被廣泛地納入自動裝置的設計當中,設計精美的洋娃娃(例如素瓷人偶製造商朱莫 生產的人偶)也深受上流社會少女和貴婦們的喜愛。

 

エクリヴァン(自動人形)

■Musical Box Assembly Workshop / 八音盒組裝體驗

組立
オルゴール組立体験

□Musical Box Assembly Workshops

You can make original musical box with craft man.
We have explanatory leaflet in English, Chinese and Korean.

【Time】[Weekday] 11:30~  13:30~   15:30~
     [Weekend&Holiday] at half past every hour
【Price】1,650~
※The price varies in the courses and the case of your choice. Decoration items are charged separately.

八音盒組裝體驗

跟工匠一起動手制作世界唯一的八音盒吧。我們有英文、中文和韓文的解釋(說明書)。

【時間】平日/11:30~ 13:30~ 15:30~
                雙休日節日/毎整点30分~ (最後15:30~)
【費用】1,650日圓~
※費用因方案與外盒種類而異。裝飾品費用另計。